8 Facts You Need to Know about the Hymen


There is arguably no part of the human body that carries as much significance as the hymen. In some communities, it can literally be a matter of life and death. And yet, our perception and understanding of it are often very far from reality.

hand curtain

When it comes to female anatomy, misconceptions abound, particularly regarding the hymen. This thin membrane at the vagina's entrance is often subject to myths, especially those concerning virginity. Let's set the record straight with facts and dispel the misunderstandings.

1. Hymens vary in appearance. 

The hymen is a rim of tissue (thin skin) at the outer opening of the vagina. It usually has a doughnut or crescent shape with a large, central hole. However, this varies a lot, and sometimes hymens can have fringes or several holes or can consist of lobes. 

Hymens are just as unique as you are. Just like vulvas come in different shapes and sizes, so do hymens. They look very different from vagina to vagina, and the shape, size, and flexibility of a hymen can change significantly across a woman’s lifespan due to changes in estrogen levels and physical activities.

Image by Naturalcycles

2. In most cases, the hymen doesn’t close off the entrance to the vagina. 

The most common forms of the hymen leave enough space for blood to come out during a period and even to put a tampon in. Because of its partial tears and elasticity, the hymen can allow for the insertion of tampons or menstrual cups without necessarily causing major changes to its structure (this differs from person to person). Very rarely does the hymen cover the whole vagina.

In rare cases where the hymen is imperforate (completely covering the vaginal opening) or microperforate (with a very small opening), a minor surgical procedure called a hymenectomy may be performed to remove the extra tissue and allow for normal menstrual flow.

3. Your hymen can remain “intact” even if you’ve had intercourse. 

It's a common myth that the hymen always tears during first-time sex, causing bleeding. In reality, if a woman is relaxed and sufficiently lubricated, this may not occur.

The elasticity of the hymen can allow it to retain its shape even after penetrative activities, depending, again, on the person’s body. Therefore, the shape of the hymen is no indication of sexual activity.

Illustration by Salma Elkafrawy

4. The hymen is not an indicator of virginity.

The link between hymens and virginity is one of the oldest myths, even though medical institutions and doctors around the world have refuted the accuracy of virginity tests. Given the variety in hymens, they simply cannot be used as proof of sexual activity. We repeat, there is NO medical way to tell if someone has had sex. The World Health Organization even declared it illegal to perform virginity tests due to the fact that medical examinations cannot accurately reveal a woman's sexual activity.

5. Its Arabic name contributes to the stigma. 

In Arabic, the hymen is called 'ghisha'a al-bikara', meaning the virgin membrane. 'Ghisha'a' literally translates to a coating or covering layer, which connotes that the membrane is sealed, closing the opening of the vagina. Physiologically this is rarely the case, so the name just further perpetuates the notion that the hymen is something that can be torn open or broken.

6. Your hymen changes over time. 

At birth, the hymen is thick and vascular, but it becomes thinner and less blood-filled over time. By the time a girl reaches puberty, the hymen becomes quite elastic.

7. It stretches to let a baby through. 

During childbirth, the hymen doesn't "break" but rather stretches. After birth, it usually returns to its pre-pregnancy state, although it may appear slightly different.

8. Hymens don't always bleed.

The hymen is a membrane with relatively few blood vessels that — even if torn — may not bleed significantly. Forced penetration and lack of lubrication may cause lacerations to the vaginal wall, which are most likely to be responsible for the “blood-stained bed sheets,” rather than trauma to the hymen. In fact, several studies have documented that bleeding is not routinely observed after a woman’s first sexual intercourse.

A final note

Remember that everyone's body is unique, and there's no "right" or "wrong" when it comes to the hymen's shape, size, or elasticity.

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